Islamic religion distinguishes between haram (forbidden) and halal (permitted) food: being food a vital factor in human survival, Allah gave clear indications regarding what should be eaten (ĥalāl) and what should be considered as forbidden (ĥarām).
HALAL certification is a product voluntary certification, not a system certification. It is recognized by Islamic consumers and strongly required for gaining access to the markets of some foreign countries, such as Malaysia and Singapore.
For example, the following food is haram: pork meat and its by-products, alcohol and intoxicants, all food coming from halal animals (lamb, ram, goats, etc) which have not been slaughtered according to Islamic shari’a, whales, sharks, tortoises/turtles, crabs, lobsters, eels, swordfish, morays, turbots, rays, squids, small octopuses, cuttlefish, langoustines and seafood such as mussels, clams and oysters, animals with paws or canines (dogs, rabbits, elephants and monkeys), reptiles, insects (like flies and parasites), birds without feathers and birds of prey, and substances generally considered harmful for human health.
All products to be approved as halal shall be free from any contamination derived from having been in contact with haram substances during their preparation, production, treatment and packaging process.
The most influential certification bodies cooperate with the Italian CO.RE.IS (Islamic Religious Community): the Ethic Committee is the independent religious Authority that issues the certificates, while the staff of the certification bodies are responsible for carrying out inspections in companies.
This certification requires compliance with those Islamic rules concerning what should be permitted (halal) in agro-food, cosmetic, healthcare, pharmacy, financial and insurance sector.
Therefore, this certification should entail compliance with a procedural guideline able to ensure the halal product does not get contaminated by other haram products/ingredients from the arrival of row materials to transport of finished products.
PI.GA. Service sas by Pironi Serena & c. offers its expert advice to support the organization in achieving HALAL certification by producing the necessary documents, analysing critical points and performing inspections and internal audits.
Getting ready to certification means to deploy human and financial resources, education and monitoring.